A joint Polish expedition at Kato Pafos has ended successfully. The project – which saw co-operation between the University of Warsaw and the Jagiellonian University – worked on modelling the cityscape of the Hellenistic and Roman Capital of Cyprus.
Despite the difficult situation given the pandemic, the first phase was completed successfully between October 1st and November 1st last year.
The research team was composed of specialist in archaeology, geophysics, architecture and remote sensing research, procedural modelling and spatial analysis.
Now, according to a press release, the team will reconstruct the layout of streets and buildings functioning in ancient Nea Pafos in different historical periods.
Particular emphasis is placed on the residential area of Maloutena and the central part of the city, the Agora area.
The result of the integrated research results will be the reconstruction of the city landscape and buildings in the form of 3D models. The obtained 3D reconstructions will be then subjected to spatial analyses in order to establish the relationship between the layout of buildings and streets and the functioning of the city in terms of visibility, population flow, potential number of inhabitants, etc.
The project implements an innovative methodology for Cyprus, which has been successfully used, however, in only a few archaeological sites in the Mediterranean basin so far – including Pompeii and Carnuntum.
In 2020, the focus was on verifying some key points in the city’s street layout. First, to confirm some central parts of the road network of the ancient city and date the formation of these communication routes. Second, research close to the Agora continued to verify the results of geophysical prospection in the Southern Portico and the adjacent road network of the ancient city.
As part of the promotional activities, a modest celebration of 55 years of Polish archaeological activity at the University of Warsaw and the Jagiellonian University in Pafos was organised in cooperation with the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus and the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Nicosia.